雖然在拜讀鳥哥的時候上面寫說帳號管理還是不要自己亂改

  • /etc/passwd
  • /etc/shadow
  • /etc/group

但是手賤的動了一下,結果就給我跑出因為三個檔案無法關聯裡面的資料

GUI介面就開不起來了=口=

幸好,Google大神沒有放棄我

這篇文章就了我 解釋了這三個檔案的規則

Understanding /etc/passwd File Format

 

下面是節錄重點

L_01

  1. Username: It is used when user logs in. It should be between 1 and 32 characters in length.
  2. Password: An x character indicates that encrypted password is stored in /etc/shadow file.
  3. User ID (UID): Each user must be assigned a user ID (UID). UID 0 (zero) is reserved for root and UIDs 1-99 are reserved for other predefined accounts. Further UID 100-999 are reserved by system for administrative and system accounts/groups.
  4. Group ID (GID): The primary group ID (stored in /etc/group file)
  5. User ID Info: The comment field. It allow you to add extra information about the users such as user's full name, phone number etc. This field use by finger command.
  6. Home directory: The absolute path to the directory the user will be in when they log in. If this directory does not exists then users directory becomes /
  7. Command/shell: The absolute path of a command or shell (/bin/bash). Typically, this is a shell. Please note that it does not have to be a shell.

 

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